Interfacing a DC Motor with LPC2148-Micrcontroller

DC Motors are widely used in embedded systems. This tutorial explains driving a DC motor using ARM-7 Architecture based LPC2148 Microcontroller.

DC motors are available in different ratings. Selection of a motor depends on the application for which the motor is used. In this example we are using a 12-V DC motor. The current required ton drive the motor is provided by a motor driving IC: L293D. This IC is designed to provide up to 600 mA current at 4.5 V- 36 V range.


PIN Configuration:



PIN No.

Description

1 (EN 1,2)

Enable (Active high) channel 1 and 2

2, 7, 10, 15

Driver Inputs

3, 6, 11, 14

Driver Outputs

9 (EN 3, 4)

Enable (Active High) channel 3 and 4

8 (Vcc2)

4.5 - 36 V

16 (Vcc1)

5 v power supply pin for internal logic of the IC

Circuit Diagram:

A single L293D IC can drive two DC motors. In this example we are only controlling the motor which is connected to OUT1 and OUT2 pins of L293D.



A switch is also connected to P0.26 to turn on and turn off the motor. The system will turn off the motor when the switch is pressed.


Programming:


#include<LPC214x.h>

#include<stdint.h>

void motor1_on(void);

void motor1_off(void);

int main()

{

PINSEL0=0x00000000;

IO0DIR|=(1<<1)|(1<<2);

int a;

while(1)

{

a=IO0PIN & (1<<26);

if(a==0) /* The switch is open */

motor1_on();

else /* The switch is pressed */

motor1_off();

}

return 0;


}

void motor1_on()

{

IO0SET|=(1<<1);

IO0CLR|=(1<<2);

}

void motor1_off()

{

IO0CLR|=(1<<1);

IO0CLR|=(1<<2);








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